I am getting an error whenever I try automatic deployment with GitHub

Hello. I have been trying to automatically deploy my website using GitHub. I succeeded in the manual deployment, but when I try the automatic, it fails. Is there a way to prevent this error?
Here is the deploy log:
7:49:29 PM: Build ready to start
7:49:32 PM: build-image version: b0258b965567defc4a2d7e2f2dec2e00c8f73ad6
7:49:32 PM: build-image tag: v3.4.1
7:49:32 PM: buildbot version: fcbc7a79f7372e5995cf02954ef19fc48d20c871
7:49:32 PM: Fetching cached dependencies
7:49:32 PM: Failed to fetch cache, continuing with build
7:49:32 PM: Starting to prepare the repo for build
7:49:32 PM: No cached dependencies found. Cloning fresh repo
7:49:32 PM: git clone https://github.com/hhadah/website
7:49:34 PM: Preparing Git Reference refs/heads/master
7:49:35 PM: Starting build script
7:49:35 PM: Installing dependencies
7:49:35 PM: Python version set to 2.7
7:49:36 PM: v12.18.0 is already installed.
7:49:37 PM: Now using node v12.18.0 (npm v6.14.4)
7:49:37 PM: Started restoring cached build plugins
7:49:37 PM: Finished restoring cached build plugins
7:49:37 PM: Attempting ruby version 2.7.1, read from environment
7:49:38 PM: Using ruby version 2.7.1
7:49:39 PM: Using PHP version 5.6
7:49:39 PM: 5.2 is already installed.
7:49:39 PM: Using Swift version 5.2
7:49:39 PM: Started restoring cached go cache
7:49:39 PM: Finished restoring cached go cache
7:49:39 PM: go version go1.14.4 linux/amd64
7:49:39 PM: go version go1.14.4 linux/amd64
7:49:39 PM: Installing missing commands
7:49:39 PM: Verify run directory
7:49:40 PM: ​
7:49:40 PM: ┌─────────────────────────────┐
7:49:40 PM: │ Netlify Build │
7:49:40 PM: └─────────────────────────────┘
7:49:40 PM: ​
7:49:40 PM: ❯ Version
7:49:40 PM: @netlify/build 3.3.0
7:49:40 PM: ​
7:49:40 PM: ❯ Flags
7:49:40 PM: deployId: 5f3dc8996097b705f7688908
7:49:40 PM: mode: buildbot
7:49:40 PM: ​
7:49:40 PM: ❯ Current directory
7:49:40 PM: /opt/build/repo
7:49:40 PM: ​
7:49:40 PM: ❯ Config file
7:49:40 PM: No config file was defined: using default values.
7:49:40 PM: ​
7:49:40 PM: ❯ Context
7:49:40 PM: production
7:49:40 PM: ​
7:49:40 PM: ┌───────────────────────────────────┐
7:49:40 PM: │ 1. Build command from Netlify app │
7:49:40 PM: └───────────────────────────────────┘
7:49:40 PM: ​
7:49:40 PM: $ hugo
7:49:40 PM: Error: “/opt/build/repo/themes/hugo-academic/layouts/partials/book_sidebar.html:24:1”: parse failed: template: partials/book_sidebar.html:24: illegal number syntax: “-”
7:49:40 PM: ​
7:49:40 PM: ┌─────────────────────────────┐
7:49:40 PM: │ “build.command” failed │
7:49:40 PM: └─────────────────────────────┘
7:49:40 PM: ​
7:49:40 PM: Error message
7:49:40 PM: Command failed with exit code 255: hugo
7:49:40 PM: ​
7:49:40 PM: Error location
7:49:40 PM: In Build command from Netlify app:
7:49:40 PM: hugo
7:49:40 PM: ​
7:49:40 PM: Resolved config
7:49:40 PM: build:
7:49:40 PM: command: hugo
7:49:40 PM: commandOrigin: ui
7:49:40 PM: publish: /opt/build/repo/public
7:49:40 PM: Caching artifacts
7:49:40 PM: Started saving build plugins
7:49:40 PM: Finished saving build plugins
7:49:40 PM: Started saving pip cache
7:49:40 PM: Finished saving pip cache
7:49:40 PM: Started saving emacs cask dependencies
7:49:40 PM: Finished saving emacs cask dependencies
7:49:40 PM: Started saving maven dependencies
7:49:40 PM: Finished saving maven dependencies
7:49:40 PM: Started saving boot dependencies
7:49:41 PM: Finished saving boot dependencies
7:49:41 PM: Started saving go dependencies
7:49:41 PM: Finished saving go dependencies
7:49:43 PM: Error running command: Build script returned non-zero exit code: 1
7:49:43 PM: Failing build: Failed to build site
7:49:43 PM: Failed during stage ‘building site’: Build script returned non-zero exit code: 1
7:49:43 PM: Finished processing build request in 11.800020212s

https://app.netlify.com/sites/optimistic-mahavira-b58de9/deploys/5f3dc8996097b705f7688908

hi there,

So it looks like this is the problem:

7:49:40 PM: $ hugo
7:49:40 PM: Error: “/opt/build/repo/themes/hugo-academic/layouts/partials/book_sidebar.html:24:1”: parse failed: template: partials/book_sidebar.html:24: illegal number syntax: “-”
7:49:40 PM: ​

is there something funky happening at the indicated place (24:1) in that file?

I had the same problem as @hhadah. There’s nothing suspicious at (24:1) in that file.
I suspected a problem with the Hugo version, as I use a recent version (0.74.3) locally. I solved the error by creating a netlify.toml config file with this content:

[build]
  publish = "public"
  command = "hugo"

[context.production.environment]
  HUGO_VERSION = "0.74.3"
  HUGO_ENV = "production"
  HUGO_ENABLEGITINFO = "true"
  
[context.branch-deploy.environment]
  HUGO_VERSION = "0.74.3"

[context.deploy-preview.environment]
  HUGO_VERSION = "0.74.3"
  
[context.deploy-preview]
  command = "hugo -b $DEPLOY_PRIME_URL --buildFuture"

[context.branch-deploy]
  command = "hugo -b $DEPLOY_PRIME_URL --buildFuture"

thanks for sharing, @sguyader!

Thank you for your reply and code, @sguyader.
@sguyader I created a netlify.toml file and added it to my GitHub repo and I am still getting the same error but with different files. What is weird that manual deployment is working, but the automatic one is not.

8:05:12 AM: Build ready to start

8:05:14 AM: build-image version: b0258b965567defc4a2d7e2f2dec2e00c8f73ad6
8:05:14 AM: build-image tag: v3.4.1
8:05:14 AM: buildbot version: fcbc7a79f7372e5995cf02954ef19fc48d20c871
8:05:15 AM: Fetching cached dependencies
8:05:15 AM: Starting to download cache of 119.7MB
8:05:16 AM: Finished downloading cache in 1.743789051s
8:05:16 AM: Starting to extract cache
8:05:20 AM: Finished extracting cache in 3.439402371s
8:05:20 AM: Finished fetching cache in 5.214984071s
8:05:20 AM: Starting to prepare the repo for build
8:05:20 AM: Preparing Git Reference refs/heads/master
8:05:22 AM: Starting build script
8:05:22 AM: Installing dependencies
8:05:22 AM: Python version set to 2.7
8:05:23 AM: Started restoring cached node version
8:05:25 AM: Finished restoring cached node version
8:05:26 AM: v12.18.0 is already installed.
8:05:26 AM: Now using node v12.18.0 (npm v6.14.4)
8:05:26 AM: Started restoring cached build plugins
8:05:26 AM: Finished restoring cached build plugins
8:05:26 AM: Attempting ruby version 2.7.1, read from environment
8:05:28 AM: Using ruby version 2.7.1
8:05:28 AM: Using PHP version 5.6
8:05:28 AM: 5.2 is already installed.
8:05:28 AM: Using Swift version 5.2
8:05:28 AM: Installing Hugo 0.74.3
8:05:28 AM: Hugo Static Site Generator v0.74.3-DA0437B4/extended linux/amd64 BuildDate: 2020-07-23T16:30:30Z
8:05:28 AM: Started restoring cached go cache
8:05:28 AM: Finished restoring cached go cache
8:05:28 AM: go version go1.14.4 linux/amd64
8:05:28 AM: go version go1.14.4 linux/amd64
8:05:28 AM: Installing missing commands
8:05:28 AM: Verify run directory
8:05:29 AM: ​
8:05:29 AM: ┌─────────────────────────────┐
8:05:29 AM: │ Netlify Build │
8:05:29 AM: └─────────────────────────────┘
8:05:29 AM: ​
8:05:29 AM: ❯ Version
8:05:29 AM: @netlify/build 3.3.0
8:05:29 AM: ​
8:05:29 AM: ❯ Flags
8:05:29 AM: deployId: 5f3fc6888c806400076210e3
8:05:29 AM: mode: buildbot
8:05:29 AM: ​
8:05:29 AM: ❯ Current directory
8:05:29 AM: /opt/build/repo
8:05:29 AM: ​
8:05:29 AM: ❯ Config file
8:05:29 AM: No config file was defined: using default values.
8:05:29 AM: ​
8:05:29 AM: ❯ Context
8:05:29 AM: production
8:05:29 AM: ​
8:05:29 AM: ┌───────────────────────────────────┐
8:05:29 AM: │ 1. Build command from Netlify app │
8:05:29 AM: └───────────────────────────────────┘
8:05:29 AM: ​
8:05:29 AM: $ hugo
8:05:30 AM: Building sites … ERROR 2020/08/21 13:05:30 render of “section” failed: execute of template failed: template: section/publication.html:65:15: executing “main” at <partial “li_citation” .>: error calling partial: execute of template failed: template: partials/li_citation.html:17:8: executing “partials/li_citation.html” at <partial “page_links” (dict “page” . “is_list” 1)>: error calling partial: “/opt/build/repo/themes/hugo-academic/layouts/partials/page_links.html:62:14”: execute of template failed: template: partials/page_links.html:62:14: executing “partials/page_links.html” at <$page.Params.projects>: range can’t iterate over internal-project
Total in 804 ms
8:05:30 AM: Error: Error building site: failed to render pages: render of “page” failed: execute of template failed: template: publication/single.html:5:5: executing “main” at <partial “page_header.html” .>: error calling partial: execute of template failed: template: partials/page_header.html:64:5: executing “partials/page_header.html” at <partial “page_links_div.html” $page>: error calling partial: execute of template failed: template: partials/page_links_div.html:23:5: executing “partials/page_links_div.html” at <partial “page_links” (dict “page” $page “is_list” 0)>: error calling partial: “/opt/build/repo/themes/hugo-academic/layouts/partials/page_links.html:62:14”: execute of template failed: template: partials/page_links.html:62:14: executing “partials/page_links.html” at <$page.Params.projects>: range can’t iterate over internal-project

8:05:30 AM: ┌─────────────────────────────┐
8:05:30 AM: │ “build.command” failed │
8:05:30 AM: └─────────────────────────────┘
8:05:30 AM: ​
8:05:30 AM: Error message
8:05:30 AM: Command failed with exit code 255: hugo
8:05:30 AM: ​
8:05:30 AM: Error location
8:05:30 AM: In Build command from Netlify app:
8:05:30 AM: hugo
8:05:30 AM: ​
8:05:30 AM: Resolved config
8:05:30 AM: build:
8:05:30 AM: command: hugo
8:05:30 AM: commandOrigin: ui
8:05:30 AM: environment:
8:05:30 AM: - HUGO_VERSION
8:05:30 AM: publish: /opt/build/repo/public
8:05:30 AM: Caching artifacts
8:05:30 AM: Started saving build plugins
8:05:30 AM: Finished saving build plugins
8:05:30 AM: Started saving pip cache
8:05:31 AM: Finished saving pip cache
8:05:31 AM: Started saving emacs cask dependencies
8:05:31 AM: Finished saving emacs cask dependencies
8:05:31 AM: Started saving maven dependencies
8:05:31 AM: Finished saving maven dependencies
8:05:31 AM: Started saving boot dependencies
8:05:31 AM: Finished saving boot dependencies
8:05:31 AM: Started saving go dependencies
8:05:31 AM: Finished saving go dependencies
8:05:31 AM: Error running command: Build script returned non-zero exit code: 1
8:05:31 AM: Failing build: Failed to build site
8:05:31 AM: Failed during stage ‘building site’: Build script returned non-zero exit code: 1
8:05:31 AM: Finished processing build request in 16.288307632s

1 Like

not weird at all that manual and automatic deployments are differently behaving; they are 100% different processes:

  • automatic requires that we can build your site
  • manual requires that YOU can build your site and we never try to build anything

I’d take a step back and ensure that you can build locally from a CLEAN checkout of your repo, and confirm what version of hugo you are using locally and make sure ours is the same.

This article describes those and other “common” debugging processes which we’ll need you to try before our staff takes a swing at it in case they don’t help: